Male infertility is the inability to cause a pregnancy. This is often due to low sperm count. Low sperm count means that the semen ejaculated by a man during orgasm is fewer than normal. Having fewer than 15 million sperm per millilitre of sperm is abnormal. Oligospermia or low sperm count decreases the odds that one of your sperm will fertilize your partner’s eggs, therefore reducing chances of conception. Nonetheless, many men who have low sperm count are still able to father children.
If you and your partner have been trying to conceive for a while and have not been successful, low sperm count could be one of the reasons why it is so. Not to panic though, as this is not the finality. The important thing to do is to get tested and know the source of the problem in order to know how to solve it.
Some of the causes of low sperm count are:
– Varicocele: A varicocele is a swelling of the veins that drain the testicles. It is the most common cause of male infertility. It is the most common cause of male infertility, but the good news is it’s also reversible. Varicoceles result in reduced quality of sperm.
– Infections: Some infections can affect sperm production, quality and health. Some sexually transmitted infections such as HIV or gonorrhoea can cause inflammations and also damage to sperm.
– Tumours: Cancer and non-cancerous tumours can affect the male reproductive organs and indirectly affect glands that release hormones for reproduction.
– Hormonal Imbalance: The hormones necessary to create sperm can be altered, become excessive or reduced, and can lead to infertility.
– Certain medications and hard drug use can also destroy or reduce quality of sperm. For example cancer medications, antifungal and antibiotic drugs can impair sperm production. Environmental factors such as industrial chemicals, heavy metal exposure, radiation from x-rays, or overheating from saunas or hot baths can also destroy sperm.
As earlier stated, there are treatments available for this condition, such as surgery or solutions to the underlying causes of the problems. Also, assisted reproduction such as IVF may be an option depending on you and your partner. The most important thing is to see your physician to know the next steps to take.Leave a reply →